Giancarlo Puddu, MD
Sports medicine and knee specialist, Giancarlo Puddu, MD was born in 1943 in Rome, Italy. He received his medical degree from the University of Rome, La Sapienza in 1968, and he completed his residency in orthopedic surgery at the Hospital, Il Policlinico, in Rome in June 1971.
After his residency in Orthopedics, Dr. Puddu was awarded a fellowship in Knee Surgery with Prof. Albert Trillat in Lyon, (1973), and a fellowship in Knee Surgery and Sports Medicine with Dr. Jack C. Hughston in Columbus, Georgia (1975 – 1976). During this same time, he began his teaching career in orthopedics at the University of Rome, La Sapienza where he was Associate Professor until 1987, when he left the University and went into private practice. Since 1987, he has had several teaching appointments at: the University of Siena, the University Chieti and at the Istituto Superiore di Educazione Fisica in Rome. He also served as team physician for the Roma soccer team.
Since 1990, Dr. Puddu has been involved in many research projects on knee osteotomy and ACL reconstruction, advancing progress toward better treatments for knee arthrosis, cartilage repair, ACL reconstruction and tendinopaties. He has published more than 150 papers and book chapters related to knee surgery and sports medicine.
Dr. Puddu was the ESSKA President between May 1999 to September 2000 and was inducted in the AOSSM Hall of Fame in 2009.
He served on the editorial boards of: The American Journal of Knee Surgery; Operative Techniques in Sports Medicine; Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy; The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness; Orthopedics Today; Operative Techniques In Sports Medicine.
Dr. Puddu and his wife Agneta live in Rome. They have two daughters, Isabella and Cristina, and four grandchildren.
Selected Published Work
Puddu G, et al. A classification of Achilles tendon disease. Am J Sports Med. 15,145-150,1976.
Puddu G, et al. A method of reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament using the semitendinosus tendon. Am J Sports Med. 8,402-404,1980.
Puddu G, et al. Les laxitès chroniques anteromediales + anterolaterales du genou chez les athletes. Resultats du traitment par plasties periferiques. Rev.de Chir.et Othop. 68,365-368,1982.
Puddu G, et al. Hemarthrosis treated by aspiration and casting: How to condemn the knee. Am J Sports Med.10,342-345,1982.
Puddu G, et al. Jumper’s Knee. Am J Sports Med. 11,58-62,1983.
Puddu G. Patellar Subluxation and Dislocation (with J.C.Hughston and W.M.Walsh.). Vol.V in the Series : Saunders Monographs In Clinical Orthopaedics. 1984.
Puddu G, et al. Evaluation of the results of extensor mechanism reconstruction. Am.J.of Sports Medicine. 16,93-96,1988.
Puddu G, et al. Arthroscopic treatment of the flexed arthritic knee in active middle-aged patients. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 9,712-713,1993.
Puddu G, et al. Tendinitis. The Patellofemoral Joint. McGraw-Hill. Toronto. 177-192. 1993.
Puddu G, et al. Jumper’s Knee and Other Form of Tendinitis About the Knee. The Hughston Clinic Sports Medicine Book. Williams & Wilkins. Baltimore. 1995, 429-440.
Puddu G, et al. The double patella syndrome. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 3,21-25,1995.
Puddu G, et al. Different patterns of meniscal tears in acute ACL ruptures and in chronic ACL deficient knees. Classification,staging and timing of treatment. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 3, 130-134,1995.
Puddu G, et al. L’IRM dans la pathologie isoleè du ligament croisè posterieur. Suppl. Rev. Chir. Orthop. 41-44,1995.
Puddu G, et al. Acute Anterior Cruciate Ligament reconstruction with semitendinosus and gracilis. Knee Surgery Current Practice. Martin Dunitz London 1992, 149-153.
Puddu G, et al. Operative Techniques in Sports Medicine. Surgical Treatment of Overuse Tendon Injuries. Guest Editor. July 1997, Volume 5, Number 3. W.B. Saunders Company
Puddu G, et al. Stress Fractures. OXFORD Second Edition Textbook of Sports Medicine Oxford Medical Publications. 1998, 649-669.
Puddu G. Achilles Tendon Injuries. Controversies in Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. Williams & Wilkins Asia Pacific. 1998, 531
Puddu G, et al. The Axial View in Evaluating Tibial Translation in Cases of Insufficiency of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament. Arthroscopy. 217-220, Vol 16, No 2, 2000.
Puddu G, et al. Reconstruction of the posterior cruciate ligament and of the posterolateral corner. Surgical Techniques in Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Elsevier SAS Paris, 2000, 55-540-D-10.
Puddu G, et al. Femoral antivalgus opening wedge osteotomy. In Operative Techniques in Sports Medicine. 56-60, Vol 8, January 2000. W. B. Saunders Company.
Puddu G, et al. Complications in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstructive Surgery. Knee Surgery. Complications, Pitfalls, and Salvage. Springer New York. 2001, 477-484.
Puddu G, et al. Open wedge High Tibial Osteotomy. Techniques in Knee Surgery. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Philadelphia. 2002, 43-53.
Puddu G, et al. Ostéotomie fémorale d’ouverture dans le genou valgum. La gonarthose. Springer Paris. 2003, 149-160.
Puddu G, et al. One stage versus two stage revision ACL reconstruction: indications and technique. Controversies in Knee Surgery. Oxford. 2005, 211-226.
Puddu G, et al. Opening wedge osteotomy: Tibial. Surgical Techniques for the Knee. Thieme. New York. 2006, 245-249.
Puddu G, et al. Opening wedge osteotomy: Femoral. Surgical Techniques for the Knee. Thieme. New York. 2006, 241-245.
Puddu G, et al. Osteotomies: The Surgical Treatment of the Valgus Knee. Sports Medicine and Arthroscopic Review. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2007, 15-23.
Puddu G, et al. Opening wedge osteotomy of the distal femur in the valgus knee. Osteoarthritis of the Knee. Surgical Treatment. Springer Paris. 2008, 90-103.\
Puddu G, et al. Opening wedge osteotomy. Proximal Tibia and distal femur. Reconstructive Knee Surgery. Third Edition. Lippincott. Williams & Wilkins. 2008, 433-450.
Puddu G, et al. The retrodrill Technique for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. The Anterior Cruciate Ligament. Saunders Elsevier. Philadelphia. 2008, 134-140.
Thomas L. Wickiewicz, MD
Attending Orthopaedic Surgeon
Hospital for Special Surgery
New York, New York
A native of Jersey City, New Jersey, Dr. Wickiewicz received his Medical Degree from New Jersey Medical School, did his general surgery training at New York Hospital, and residency at the Hospital for Special Surgery. Additional training was a Sports Medicine Fellowship year with the late John Marshall at Hospital for Special Surgery, and a second-year split observing Dr. Frank Jobe at the Kerlan-Jobe Clinic and time also spent on muscle physiology with V. Reggie Edgerton at UCLA’s Department of Kinesiology, where Wick assisted with research on human muscle.
Dr. Thomas Wickiewicz is an Attending Orthopaedic Surgeon at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City, where he has practiced for thirty-five years. He is a Professor of Clinical Surgery (Orthopaedics) at Weill-Cornell Medical College and Attending Surgeon at New York-Presbyterian Hospital. He served as Chief of Sports Medicine at HSS from 1993-2005. During his time at HSS, he helped educated over 164 sports fellows, countless residents, and medical students.
In addition to his practice of knee and shoulder surgery, Dr. Wickiewicz has lectured nationally and internationally, and published extensively with both peer-reviewed publications and textbooks on topics related to those two joints. A recipient of three O’Donoghue Awards from the AOSSM, three Neer Awards from ASES, and the Aircast Award from AOSSM, Dr. Wickiewicz continues to be active in research.
He has functioned as orthopaedic consultant to the New York Football Giants, the New York Knights Arena Football team, and for St. Peter’s University Division I athletics.
Past President of the AOSSM, Past President of the Herodicus Society, Dr. Wickiewicz resides in New York City with Catherine.
Selected Published Work
Kent RN 3rd, Amirtharaj MJ, Hardy BM, Pearle AD, Wickiewicz TL, Imhauser CW. Anterior laxity, lateral tibial slope, and in situ ACL force differentiate knees exhibiting distinct patterns of motion during a pivoting event: A human cadaveric study. J Biomech. 2018;74:9-15. PMID: 29752053.
Imhauser CW, Kent RN 3rd, Boorman-Padgett J, Thein R, Wickiewicz TL, Pearle AD. New parameters describing how knee ligaments carry force in situ predict interspecimen variations in laxity during simulated clinical exams. J Biomech. 2017;64:212-218. PMID: 29078961.
Kent RN 3rd, Boorman-Padgett JF, Thein R, van der List JP, Nawabi DH, Wickiewicz TL, Imhauser CW, Pearle AD. High Interspecimen Variability in Engagement of the Anterolateral Ligament: An In Vitro Cadaveric Study. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2017;475(10):2438-2444. Erratum in: Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2017;475(10):2612. PMID: 28477147; PMCID: PMC5599392.
McDonald LS, Boorman-Padgett J, Kent R, Stone K, Wickiewicz TL, Pearle AD, Imhauser CW. ACL Deficiency Increases Forces on the Medial Femoral Condyle and the Lateral Meniscus with Applied Rotatory Loads. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2016;98(20):1713-1721.
Nawabi DH, Tucker S, Schafer KA, Zuiderbaan HA, Nguyen JT, Wickiewicz TL, Imhauser CW, Pearle AD. ACL Fibers Near the Lateral Intercondylar Ridge Are the Most Load Bearing During Stability Examinations and Isometric Through Passive Flexion. Am J Sports Med. 2016;44(10):2563-2571.
Kia M, Schafer K, Lipman J, Cross M, Mayman D, Pearle A, Wickiewicz T, Imhauser C. A Multibody Knee Model Corroborates Subject-Specific Experimental Measurements of Low Ligament Forces and Kinematic Coupling During Passive Flexion. J Biomech Eng. 2016;138(5):051010.
Schafer KA, Tucker S, Griffith T, Sheikh S, Wickiewicz TL, Nawabi DH, Imhauser CW, Pearle AD. Distribution of Force in the Medial Collateral Ligament Complex During Simulated Clinical Tests of Knee Stability. Am J Sports Med. 2016;44(5):1203-8.
Thein R, Boorman-Padgett J, Khamaisy S, Zuiderbaan HA, Wickiewicz TL, Imhauser CW, Pearle AD. Medial Subluxation of the Tibia After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture as Revealed by Standing Radiographs and Comparison With a Cadaveric Model. Am J Sports Med. 2015;43(12):3027-33.
Imhauser CW, Sheikh S, Choi DS, Nguyen JT, Mauro CS, Wickiewicz TL. Novel measure of articular instability based on contact stress confirms that the anterior cruciate ligament is a critical stabilizer of the lateral compartment. J Orthop Res. 2016;34(3):478-88.
Imhauser C, Mauro C, Choi D, Rosenberg E, Mathew S, Nguyen J, Ma Y, Wickiewicz T. Abnormal tibiofemoral contact stress and its association with altered kinematics after center-center anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: an in vitro study. Am J Sports Med. 2013;41(4):815-25.