Markku Järvinen, MD, PhD
Emeritus Professor of Surgery
University of Tampere
Dr Järvinen graduated from Turku University in 1970 and defended his PhD with a thesis on the healing of muscle injuries in 1976.He has been credentialed as a Specialist of Surgery (1980) in Turku, Orthopaedics and Traumatology in the University of Tampere (1983) and Sports Medicine (1987).
He worked as a Senior Physician and Head of Section of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University Hospital of Tampere from 1984 to 1997 and Professor of Surgery, University of Tampere from 1997 to 2008. He completed a fellowship and was nominated a Visiting Professor in the Department of Orthopaedics & Rehabilitation at the College of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont (1986-1987) under the direction of Robert Johnson.
Dr. Järvinen carried out an active academic and orthopaedic surgical practice, specializing in sports medicine and knee and tendon surgery for 30 years and has continued in non-surgical orthopaedic practice and research until the present time.
Dr. Järvinen has published 280 scientific papers in international peer-review scientific journals on the field of sports medicine, experimental and clinical orthopaedics and traumatology. He has also served on then Editorial Boards of many journals including the American Journal of Sports Medicine, Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy and International Journal of Sports Medicine. In addition, he has been a Guest Editor for special issues of Scandinavian Journal of Surgery (Annales Chirurgie et Gynaecologia, (1991) and Baillièrre`s Clinical Orthopaedics, International Practice and Research (1996).
He has been an active member of many professional associations: Finnish Society of Sports Medicine, Finnish Surgical Society, Finnish Orthopaedic Association (President 1999-2001), Finnish Orthopaedic Research Society, Nordic Orthopaedic Federation (Vice-President 2002-2004, President 2004-2006), European Society of Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology and Arthroscopy, International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine and Associate Member of the Herodicus Society (1988-).
He is an Honorary Member of Finnish Orthopaedic Association (2004), Estonian Orthopaedic Society (2006) and Nordic Orthopaedic Federation (2014).
Dr Järvinen is living in Tampere with his wife Leena since 45 years. They have two sons, who both are Orthopaedic Surgeons, the older Tero is Professor of Clinical Anatomy, University of Tampere and Chief Surgeon, Division of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University Hospital of Tampere and the younger Teppo is Professor of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Helsinki. In addition, they have three grandchildren.
Selected Published Work
Järvinen M. Healing of a crush injury in rat striated muscle. 4. Effect of early mobilization and immobilization on the tensile properties of gastrocnemius muscle. Acta Chir Scand. 1976;142:47-56.
Järvinen M. Healing of a crush injury in rat striated muscle. With special reference to treatment by early mobilization or immobilization. Dissertation, Turku 1976
Kannus P, Järvinen M. Conservatively treated tears of the anterior cruciate ligament. J Bone Joint Surg. 1987;69-A:1006-1012.
Järvinen M, Jozsa L, Johnson R J, Arms S, Beynnon B, Fischer R, Pope M H, Renström P. Effect of ACL reconstruction with patella tendon or prosthetic ligament on the morphology to the other ligaments in the knee joint. Clin Orthop. 1995;311:176-182.
Järvinen M, Kannus P. Injury of an extremity as a risk factor for development of osteoporosis. Current concepts review. J Bone Joint Surg. 1997;79-A:263-276.
Kannus P, Natri A, Paakkala T, Järvinen M. An outcome study of chronic patellofemoral pain syndrome. Seven-year follow-up of patients in a randomized, controlled trial. J Bone Joint Surg. 1999;81-A: 355-363.
Kannus P, Parkkari J, Niemi S, Pasanen M, Palvanen M, Järvinen M, Vuori I. Prevention of hip fracture in elderly people with use of a hip protector. N Engl J Med. 2000;343:1506-1513.
Kousa P, Järvinen TLN, Kannus P, Ahvenjärvi P, Kaikkonen A, Järvinen M. A bioabsorbable plug in bone-tendon-bone reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament: introduction of a novel fixation technique. Arthroscopy. 2001;17:144-150.
Paavola M, Kannus P, Järvinen TAH, Jozsa L, Khan KM, Järvinen M. Achilles Tendinopathy. Current concepts review. J Bone Joint Surg 84-A:2062-2076, 2002
Lehtonen H, Järvinen TLN, Honkonen S, Nyman M, Vihtonen K, Järvinen M. Use of a cast compared with a functional ankle brace after operative treatment of an ankle fracture. A prospective, randomized study. J Bone Joint Surg. 2003;85-A:205-211.
Nurmi JT, Kannus P, Sievänen H, Järvinen M, Järvinen TLN. Porcine tibia is a poor surrogate to human tibia for evaluating ACL reconstructions. Am J Sports Med. 2004;32:765-771.
Järvinen TAH, Järvinen TLN, Kääriäinen M, Kalimo H, Järvinen M. Muscle injuries. biology and treatment. Am J Sports Med. 2005;33:745-764.
.Järvelä T, Moisala A-S, Sihvonen R, Järvelä S, Kannus P, Järvinen M. Double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using hamstring autografts and bioabsorbable interference screw fixation. Prospective, randomized, clinical study with 2-years results. Am J Sports Med. 2008;36:290-297.
Ortopedia (Handbook of Orthopaedics in Finnish) pp. 1-512, Eds. Ilkka Kiviranta and Markku Järvinen, Kandidaattikustannus, Helsinki 2012.
Daniel Wascher, MD
Professor, Department of Orthopaedics,
University of New Mexico School of Medicine
Associate Editor, Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Dr. Wascher is a Professor in the Department of Orthopaedics at the University of New Mexico School of Medicine. He also serves as the Department’s Vice-Chair for Clinical Affairs, the Division Chief for Sports Medicine, and as the Director of the Orthopaedic Sports Medicine Fellowship. Most recently, he was named Associate Editor for the Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine.
Dr. Wascher received his undergraduate degree in Biochemistry from Northwestern University. He graduated from St. Louis University School of Medicine in 1984. He completed his Orthopaedic Surgery residency at the University of Rochester where Dr. Ken DeHaven sparked his interest in the field of sports medicine. He subsequently spent two years as a sports medicine fellow at UCLA. The first year of his fellowship was spent working in the biomechanics laboratory with Keith Markolf, while the second year was focused on clinical sports medicine with Dr. Gerry Finerman.
Since completing his fellowship in 1991, Dr. Wascher has been on the faculty at the University of New Mexico where he has been awarded three times Orthopaedic Instructor of the Year. He has been a team physician for the University of New Mexico Lobos, a member of the Justin Sports Medicine Team as well as providing medical care for professional teams in Albuquerque. He has been blessed with great practice partners including Dr. Bob Schenck, Dr. Andy Veitch and Dr. Gehron Treme. His practice focuses on the treatment of complex knee and shoulder instabilities as well as reconstruction of arthritic knees and shoulders.
Dr. Wascher was honored as an AOSSM Traveling Fellow to Australia and New Zealand in 1999. He has served in numerous AOSSM roles, including the Education Committee, the Program Committee and Instruction Course Lectures Chairman. He has traveled extensively, presenting sports medicine lectures on every inhabited continent.
He has two children, Miles and Dani Rae. Now that both have entered college, he has more time to pursue his love of music, food and travel. He is currently on sabbatical collaborating with Prof. Philippe Neyret at the Lyon School of Knee Surgery in Lyon, France. He will have a hard time returning to the taco stands of Albuquerque.
Selected Published Work
Wascher DC, Markolf K, Shapiro MS, and Finerman GAM. Direct in vitro measurement of forces in the cruciate ligaments. Part I: The effect of multiplane loading in the intact knee. J Bone and Joint Surg, 75-A: 377-386, March 1993.
Markolf K, Wascher DC, and Finerman GAM. Direct in vitro measurement of forces in the cruciate ligaments. Part II: The effect of section of the posterolateral structures. J Bone and Joint Surg, 75-A: 387-393, March 1993.
Wascher DC, Grauer JD, and Markolf KL. Biceps tenodesis for posterolateral knee instability. Am J Sports Med, 21:400-406, 1993.
Wascher DC, Dvirnak PC and DeCoster TA. Knee dislocation: Initial assessment and implications for treatment. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma; 11(7):525-529; 1997.
Wascher DC, Becker J, Dexter J, and Blevins F. Reconstruction of the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments after knee dislocation. American Journal of Sports Medicine; 27(2):189-196; 1999.
Gurney AB and Wascher DC. Absorption of dexamethasone sodium phosphate in human connective tissue using iontophoresis. American Journal Sport Medicine 2008; April; 36(4):753-9.
Richter D, Wascher DC, Schenck RC Jr. A Novel Posteromedial Approach for Tibial Inlay PCL Reconstruction in KDIIIM Injuries: Avoiding Prone Patient Positioning. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. September 2014; 472(9): 2680-2690. DOI 10.1007/s11999-014-3557-2
Schenck RC, Richter DL, Wascher DC. Knee Dislocations: Lessons Learned From 20-Year Follow-Up. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine. 2014;2(5):1-10. Doi:10.1177/2325967114534387.
Menzer H, Wascher DC, Treme G. Surgical Treatment of Medial Instability of the Knee. Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review.2015 Jun;23(2):77-84.