William E. Garrett, Jr., M.D., Ph.D
Duke University Health System
I was not always one of the older guys in sports medicine. It has been my great pleasure to experience the huge growth of the AOSSM and the AJSM to their current standing as the premier Orthopaedic subspecialty and premier journal. Great decisions were made when the Journal and Society completely merged their business interests and expertise. Bruce Reider has been a fantastic editor in the great tradition of Jack Hughston and Bob Leach. Similarly the AOSSM staff headed by Irv Bomberger has secured our leadership in Orthopaedics.
My first article in the Journal was in 1984. Over the years many great people with whom I have worked have co-authored more than 50 articles in the AJSM. How many rejections? I do not know that but after some time I have realized the reviewers may not have been as dumb as they initially seemed and maybe I should have done a better job. Although there are some that still sting!
My colleagues and I concentrated on animal models of muscle injuries for a number of years. Little work had been done on the basic science of muscle injuries and my background in muscle research was a great advantage. We were able to correlate the basic findings in animal research to clinically important athletic muscle strains and locations by MRI imaging and CT scans. The AJSM gave our work great credence and visibility. These papers provided most of the Science for the prestigious Kappa Delta Award from the Orthopaedic Research Society and the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
For the last fifteen years my colleagues and I have examined the knee with special interest on muscle forces, especially with regard to the mechanism of injury and risk factors for injury to the ACL. Initially we investigated the kinetics and kinematics of movement in “at risk” athletic maneuvers such as cutting, pivoting, and landing from a jump. Our findings made us focus on the initial time of ground impact as the potential time of injury due to knee flexion and quadriceps forces and mechanics. There were gender differences which may put females at more risk. We have studied knee kinematics after surgical reconstruction and see much more normal mechanics in anatomically placed grafts. Newer techniques combining biplanar fluoroscopy, conventional motion capture and high resolution MRI’s have enables us to see small changes in ligament length and orientation, acute and chronic changes in cartilage thickness, and location of cartilage contact. Now if only we get a favorable reviewer…..!
Selected Published Works in AJSM
Femoral tunnel placement during anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: an in vivo imaging analysis comparing transtibial and 2-incision tibial tunnel-independent techniques. Abebe ES, Moorman CT 3rd, Dziedzic TS, Spritzer CE, Cothran RL, Taylor DC, Garrett WE Jr, Defrate LE. Am J Sports Med. 2009 Jul; 37 (7): 1301-8.
Kinematics and electromyography of landing preparation in vertical stop-jump: risks for noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injury. Chappell JD, Creighton RA, Giuliani C, Yu B, Garrett WE. Am J Sports Med. 2007 Feb; 35(2): 235-41.
Age and gender effects on lower extremity kinematics of youth soccer players in a stop-jump task. Yu B, McClure SB, Onate JA, Guskiewicz KM, Kirkendall DT, Garrett WE Jr. Am J Sports Med. 2005 Sep; 33(9): 1356-64.
A comparison of knee kinetics between male and female recreational athletes in stop-jump tasks. Chappell JD, Yu B, Kirkendall DT, Garrett WE Jr. Am J Sports Med. 2002 Mar-Apr; 30(2):261-7.
Concussion incidence in elite college soccer players. Boden BP, Kirkendall DT, Garrett WE Jr. Am J Sports Med. 1998 Mar-Apr; 26 (2): 238-41.
Acute dislocation of the patella. A correlative pathoanatomic study. Sallay PI, Poggi J, Speer KP, Garrett WE Jr. Am J Sports Med. 1996 Jan-Feb; 24 (1): 52-60.
A threshold and continuum of injury during active stretch of rabbit skeletal muscle. Hasselman CT, Best TM, Seaber AV, Garrett WE Jr. Am J Sports Med. 1995 Jan-Feb; 23 (1): 65-73.
Identification of a threshold for skeletal muscle injury. Noonan TJ, Best TM, Seaber AV, Garrett WE Jr. Am J Sports Med. 1994 Mar-Apr; 22 (2): 257-61.
The effect of muscle architecture on the biomechanical failure properties of skeletal muscle under passive extension. Garrett WE Jr, Nikolaou PK, Ribbeck BM, Glisson RR, Seaber AV. Am J Sports Med. 1988 Jan-Feb; 16 (1): 7-12.
Bruce S. Miller, MD, MS
Associate Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Bruce S. Miller, MD, MS is an Associate Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery at the University of Michigan, in Ann Arbor, Michigan, where he specializes in Sports Medicine and surgery of the shoulder, knee, and elbow. Dr. Miller serves as Fellowship Director of the Orthoapedic Sports Medicine Fellowship at the University of Michigan, and Associate Medical Director of MedSport, University of Michigan’s Sports Medicine Program.
Dr. Miller is active in athletic team coverage, and serves as Head Orthopaedic Team Physician for the University of Michigan Football Team. He also serves as Team Physician for USA Rugby and the US Ski and Snowboard Teams.
Dr. Miller completed his undergraduate studies at Harvard University, where he was an All-American athlete, and completed his medical studies at Harvard Medical School. He trained in orthopaedic surgery at the Harvard Combined Orthopaedic Residency Program, followed by Fellowship training in Orthopaedic Trauma Surgery (Harvard Medical School), Shoulder and Elbow Surgery (University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia), and Sports Medicine (Steadman Hawkins Clinic, Vail, Colorado). He also earned a Master’s Degree in Clinical Research Design and Statistical Analysis (School of Public Health, University of Michigan), and enjoys educating orthopaedic surgeons on clinical research topics. Dr. Miller has been fortunate to have been selected for several prestigious traveling fellowships, including the AOSSM Traveling Fellowship and the AOA’s American-British-Canadian (ABC) Fellowship.
Dr. Miller has an active clinical research program which focuses primarily on disorders of the shoulder. He maintains a large prospective clinical registry of subjects with rotator cuff disease. His current research projects focus on identifying predictors of treatment allocation and outcome after surgical versus non-surgical management of subjects with rotator cuff tears. He is also an active collaborator with several multi-center research consortiums, including the MOON Shoulder Group and the MARS Revision ACL Group.
Dr. Miller lives in Ann Arbor with his wife Jennifer, an ENT surgeon, and his four children, Max, Cameron, Madeline, and Kate.
Selected Published Works in AJSM
Chen JL, Allen CR, Stephens TE, Haas AK, Huston LJ, Wright RW, Feeley BT, Multicenter ACL Revision Study (MARS). Differences in mechanisms of failure, intraoperative findings, and surgical characteristics between single- and multiple-revision ACL reconstructions: a MARS cohort study. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 2013 Jul;41(7):1571-8 PMID:23698386
Khazzam M, Kuhn JE, Mulligan E, Abboud JA, Baumgarten KM, Brophy RH, Jones GL, Miller BS, Smith MV, Wright RW. Magnetic Resonance Imaging Identification of Rotator Cuff Retears After Repair: Interobserver and Intraobserver Agreement. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 2012 Jun 15
Brophy RH, Wright RW, David TS, McCormack RG, Sekiya JK, Svoboda SJ, Huston LJ, Haas AK, Steger-May K; Multicenter ACL Revision Study (MARS) Group. Association between previous meniscal surgery and the incidence of chondral lesions at revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 2012 Apr;40(4):808-14
Grant JA, Wilde J, Miller BS, Bedi A. Comparison of the Inside-Out and All-Inside Techniques for the Repair of Isolated Meniscal Tears: A Systematic Review, American Journal of Sports Medicine, 2012 Feb;40(2):459-68 PMID 21737837
Miller BS, Downie BK, Kohen RB, Kijek T, Lesniak B, Jacobson JA, Hughes RE, Carpenter JE. When Do Rotator Cuff Repairs Fail? Serial Ultrasound Examination After Arthroscopic Repair of Large and Massive Rotator Cuff Tears, American Journal of Sports Medicine, 2011 Oct;39(10):2064-70
Borchers JR, Kaeding CC, Pedroza AD, Huston LJ, Spindler KP, MOON Group, Intraarticular Findings in Primary and Revision ACL Reconstruction Surgery: A Comparison of the MOON and Mars Study Groups, American Journal of Sports Medicine, 2011 Sep;39(9):1889-93
The MARS Group. Descriptive Epidemiology of the Multicenter ACL Revision Study (MARS) Cohort. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 2010;38(10):1979-1986
Bernas GA, Ruberte Thiele RA, Kinnaman KA, Hughes RE, Miller BS, Carpenter JE. Defining Safe Rehabilitation for Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction of the Elbow: A Biomechanical Study. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 2009 Dec;37(12):2392-400
Miller BS, Dorsey W, Bryant C, Austin J. The effect of lateral cortex disruption and repair on the stability of the medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 2005 Oct;33(10):1552-7
Millett PJ, Miller BS, Close M, Sterett WI, Walsh W, Hawkins RJ. Effects of braiding on tensile properties of four-strand human hamstring tendon grafts. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 2003 Sept-Oct;31(5):714-7